Generalized reciprocity in vampire bats?

"Direct reciprocity" occurs when individuals are more likely to help individuals that helped them previously, while "generalized reciprocity" (also called "upstream reciprocity") occurs when individuals are more likely to help after they have been helped by any individual. So direct reciprocity is like "I'll scratch your back if you scratch mine" and generalized reciprocity is … Continue reading Generalized reciprocity in vampire bats?