- Postdoctoral Fellow, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI), 2015-2017
- PhD, University of Maryland, 2009-2015
- with Jerry Wilkinson
- MSc, University of Western Ontario, 2006-2007
- BSc, Cornell University (Honors & Distinction in Research), 2001-2005
PUBLICATIONS (Google Scholar Profile)
- Carter G, Farine D, Wilkinson, G. Social bet-hedging in vampire bats.
- Delpietro HA, Russo R, Carter G, Lord R, Delpietro G. Reproductive seasonality, sex ratio, and philopatry in Argentina’s common vampire bats. (email me for manuscript)
- Chaverri G, Carter G. Acoustic degradation of bat contact calls.
- Carter G, Wilkinson G, Page R. 2017. Food-sharing vampire bats are more nepotistic under conditions of perceived risk. Behavioral Ecology. doi:10.1093/beheco/arx006 (PDF)
- Carter G, Wilkinson G. 2016. Common vampire bat contact calls attract past food-sharing partners. Animal Behavior. 116:45-51. (PDF)
- Wilkinson G, Carter G, Bohn K, Adams D. 2016. Non-kin cooperation in bats. Philosophical Transactions B. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2015.0095 (PDF)
- Carter G. 2016. Blood sharing in vampire bats. In: Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. (PDF)
- Carter G, Bohn K. 2016. “Altruism” in nonkin. In: Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. (link)
- Bohn K, Carter G. 2016. Reciprocal Altruism and Cooperation for Mutual Benefit. In: Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. (link)
- Carter G. 2016. Nonhuman reciprocal altruism. In Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. (link)
- Carter G, Wilkinson G. 2015. Social benefits of non-kin food sharing by female vampire bats. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 282: 20152524. (PDF) (supplement) press: Sapiens, National Geographic, Phys.org, Science News, Broadly).
- Carter G, Wilkinson G. 2015. Intranasal oxytocin increases social grooming and food sharing in the common vampire bat. Hormones and Behavior. 75: 150-153. (PDF) press: Newsweek
- Carter G, Leffer L. 2015. Social grooming in bats: are vampire bats exceptional? PLOS One. 10(10):e0138430. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0138430. (open access) press: National Geographic, NewStatesman, The Australian, iScience, Nature World News
- Carter G, Stewart A. 2015. The floral bat lure dimethyl disulphide does not attract the palaeotropical Dawn bat. Journal of Pollination Ecology. 17: 129-131. (open access)
- Carter G, Schoeppler D, Manthey M, Knoernschild M, Denzinger A. 2015. Distress calls of a fast-flying aerial-hawking bat (Molossus molossus) provoke inspection flights but not cooperative mobbing. PLOS One. 10(9): e0136146. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0136146 (open access)
- Carter, G. 2014. The reciprocity controversy. Animal Behavior and Cognition. 1(3), 368-386. doi:10.12966/abc.08.11.2014 (open access)
- Kershenbaum A, D Blumstein, M Roch, C Akcay, G Backus, M Bee, K Bohn, Y Cao, G Carter et al. (42 authors) 2014. Acoustic sequences in non-human animals: A tutorial review and prospectus. Biological Reviews. doi:10.1111/brv.12160 (PDF)
- Carter G, Wilkinson G. 2013. Does food sharing in vampire bats demonstrate reciprocity? Communicative & Integrative Biology. 6:e25783. (open access)
- Carter G, Wilkinson G. 2013. Food sharing in vampire bats: reciprocal help predicts donations more than relatedness or harassment. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 280: 1753. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2012.2573 (open access, text supplement, video, poster) press: Current Biology, BBC, Earth Sky, Science News
- Carter G, Wilkinson G. 2013. Cooperation and conflict in the social lives of bats. In: Adams, R, Pedersen, S (eds). Bat Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation. Springer Science Press. pg 225-242. (PDF) (e-book)
- Carter G, R Logsdon, B Arnold, A Menchaca, R Medellin. 2012. Adult vampire bats produce contact calls when isolated: acoustic variation between species, colonies, and individuals. PLOS One. 7(6): e38791. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0038791. (open access)
- Carter G, J Ratcliffe, and B Galef. 2010. Flower bats (Glossophaga soricina) and fruit bats (Carollia perspicillata) rely on spatial cues over shapes and scents when relocating food. PLOS One. 5(5): e10808. (open access)
- Carter G, B Fenton, and P Faure. 2009. White-winged vampire bats (Diaemus youngi) exchange contact calls. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 87:604-608. (PDF)
- Carter G, M Skowronski, P Faure, B Fenton. 2008. Antiphonal calling allows individual discrimination in white-winged vampire bats. Animal Behaviour. 76:1343-1355. (PDF) (Video supplement) press: Discovery News
- Carter G, D Riskin. 2006. Mystacina tuberculata. Mammalian Species. 790:1-8. (PDF)
- Riskin D, S Parsons, W Schutt, G Carter, J Hermanson. 2006. Terrestrial locomotion of the New Zealand short-tailed bat (Mystacina tuberculata) and the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus). Journal of Experimental Biology. 209:1725-1736. (PDF) press: Slate, JEB
- Carter G, C Coen, L Stenzler, I Lovette. 2006. Avian host DNA isolated from the feces of white-winged vampire bats (Diaemus youngi). Acta Chiropterologica. 8(1):255-259. (PDF) press: Living Bird
Datasets and media
- Carter, G. 2017. Data and analysis for “Food-sharing vampire bats are more nepotistic under conditions of perceived risk”. Figshare. https://figshare.com/s/dbf8be010f393189146e
- Carter, G. 2016. Footage of feeding by the hairy-legged vampire bat Diphylla ecaudata refutes the hypothesis that this vampire bat sucks. Figshare.
- Carter, G. 2016. Footage of regurgitated food sharing among adult common vampire bats. Figshare. https://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.2067417.v1
- Chaverri, G, Carter, G. 2016. Data for “Acoustic degradation of bat contact calls” Figshare.
- Carter, G. 2015. Playback response data for “Common vampire bat contact calls attract past food-sharing partners”. Figshare. https://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1613493
- Carter, G. 2015. Data for Social benefits of non-kin food sharing by female vampire bats. Figshare. http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1528118
- Carter, G. 2015. Data for Carter & Leffer. Social grooming in bats: are vampire bats exceptional? PLOS One. Figshare. http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1465034.
- Carter, G. 2015. Playback response data for “Distress calls of a fast-flying aerial-hawking bat (Molossus molossus) provoke inspection flights but not mobbing”. Figshare. http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1454597
- Carter, G. G. & Wilkinson, G. S. 2013 Data from: Food sharing in vampire bats: reciprocal help predicts donations more than relatedness or harassment. Dryad Digital Repository. http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.tg7b1
Five example posts from socialbat.org
- The goals of science vs scientists
- Can friendships reduce the burden on family?
- Caves and the origins of echolocation
- Bats and the huddler’s dilemma
- On reciprocal altruism
- Carter, G. 2015. Cooperation and social bonds in common vampire bats. PhD Thesis. University of Maryland. http://hdl.handle.net/1903/16594
- Carter G. 2011. The future of bat research and conservation. Sonorensis Magazine: Celebrating Bats. Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum. 31:1. (PDF)
- Carter G. 2011. Food sharing in vampire bats. Bat Conservation Journal. Organization for Bat Conservation. Fall 2011 Issue.
- Carter G. 2005. Bat diversity and abundance in Cusuco National Park core zone, Honduras. Internal report for Operation Wallacea, UK. (PDF)
- 2013 Animal Behavior Society Student Research Grant ($1,250)
- 2013 NSF Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant ($19,737)
- 2012 Grant-in-Aid of Research, American Society of Mammalogists ($1,500)
- 2010 Grant-in-Aid of Research, American Society of Mammalogists ($1,439)
- 2010 Research Grant, Explorer’s Club Washington Group ($1,000)
- 2010 Cosmos Scholar Grant ($2,000)
- 2010 Sigma Xi Grant in Aid of Research ($400)
GRANTS I HELPED WRITE
- 2017 “Tracking and manipulating cooperative relationships in vampire bats” Smithsonian Scholarly Studies Award to Rachel Page
- 2015 “Acoustic-GPS tracking of frog-eating bats to reveal foraging flexibility in a changing world” National Geographic Grant to Yossi Yovel
FELLOWSHIPS and SCHOLARSHIPS
- 2017 Smithsonian Postdoctoral Fellowship ($40,000/year)
- 2015 Fulbright Postdoctoral Fellowship Award ($40,000/year, declined)
- 2011 Eugenie Clark Summer Fellowship, University of Maryland ($2,100)
- 2011 Ford Predoctoral Fellowship, National Academy of Sciences ($22,000/year)
- 2009 Graduate Fellowship, University of Maryland ($15,000)
- 2007 Ontario Graduate Scholarship ($10,000)
- 2001 Robert and Helen Appel Presidential Research Scholarship, Cornell University
- 2016 NSF travel award, International Society for Behavioral Ecology ($1000)
- 2015 Biology Grad Student Research Award, University of Maryland, (UMD) ($400)
- 2014 Interdivisional Mentoring Award, American Psychological Association ($500)
- 2013 Research Award, BEES Graduate Program, UMD($250)
- 2013 Howard J. Brinkley Travel Award, UMD Biology Department ($600)
- 2013 Travel Grant, American Society of Mammalogists ($300)
- 2013 Merit Award, UMD Biological Sciences Graduate Program ($1000)
- 2013 Student Research Video Award, UMD Biology Graduate Program ($500)
- 2012 Best poster award in category, UMD Bioscience Day
- 2008 A. Brazier Howell Award, American Society of Mammalogists ($1,500)
- 2007 Graduate Student Teaching Award, University of Western Ontario ($600)
- 2005 Magna cum laude, Cornell University
- 2005 Paul Schreurs Memorial Award, for excellence in undergrad research ($500)
- 2004 Bat Research News Award, North American Society for Bat Research ($500)
- 2017 Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio (job interview)
- 2016 Naturkundemuseum, Berlin, Germany (based on visit)
- 2016 Psych Dept, University of Washington (job interview)
- 2015 Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. “Tupper Talk”
- 2015 Cambridge University, UK (based on visit)
- 2014 Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas.
- 2014 Eastern Michigan University Biology Department, Ann Arbor, MI.
- 2014 American Psychological Association, Washington, DC
- 2012 Oakland University, Michigan, USA.
- 2007 Instituto de Ecología, UNAM, Mexico.
- Crisp R and Carter G. 2017. STRI Fellows Symposium. Panama City, Panama. (poster)
- Carter G. 2016. International Society for Behavioral Ecology. Exeter, UK.
- Carter G. 2016. Manipulation of vampire bat social networks. STRI Fellows Symposium, Panama City, Panama.
- Carter G. 2015. Why vampires network. 45th meeting of the North American Society for Bat Research, Monterey Bay, CA.
- Carter G. 2014. Complex cooperation: Food sharing in vampire bats is not simply “Tit for tat”. 44th North American Symposium on Bat Research, Albany, NY.
- Carter G. 2013. Do vampire bats perform reciprocity? International Bat Research Conference. San Jose, Costa Rica.
- Carter G. 2013. Does reciprocity explain food sharing in vampire bats? Animal Behavior Society Meeting. Denver, CO.
- Carter G. 2012. Social bonds, kinship, and cooperative food sharing in the vampire bat. Conference of Ford Fellows. Irvine, CA.
- Carter G. 2011. Evolution of Cooperation: why do unrelated vampire bats share food with each other? Conference of Ford Fellows. Irvine, CA. (poster)
- Carter G. 2011. Food Sharing Between Unrelated Vampire Bats: Cooperation, Byproduct, or Coercion? 41st North American Symposium on Bat Research, Toronto, ON.
- Carter G, R Mies, and G Wilkinson. 2011. Reciprocal food sharing in vampire bats revisited. 91st Annual American Society of Mammalogists Meeting, Portland, OR.
- Carter G, A Shaked, and G Wilkinson. 2010. Reciprocal food sharing in vampire bats revisited. 40th North American Symposium on Bat Research, Denver, CO.
- Carter G, J Ratcliffe, and B Galef. 2010. Spatial cues overshadow shape and scent cues in a fruit and flower bat. Animal Behavior Society Meeting, Williamsburg, NC.
- Carter G. 2009. Flower bats (Glossophaga soricina) and fruit bats (Carollia perspicillata) rely on spatial cues over shapes and scents when relocating food. 39th North American Symposium on Bat Research, Portland, OR.
- Carter G, A Menchaca, M Nowak, and R Medellin. 2008. Do all three vampires duet? 38th North American Symposium on Bat Research, Scranton, PA.
- Carter G. 2008. Antiphonal exchanges allow individual discrimination in white-winged vampire bats. 88th American Society of Mammalogists Meeting, Brookings, South Dakota. (Winner of 2008 A. Brazier Howell Award)
- Carter G, M Skowronski, P Faure, and B Fenton. 2007. Vocal communication in white-winged vampires (Diaemus youngi). 14th International Bat Research Conference, Merida, Mexico.
- Carter G, M Skowronski, B Fenton and P Faure. 2007. Do adult vampires duet at night? Antiphonal calling among adult white-winged vampire bats (Diaemus youngi). 87th American Society of Mammalogists Meeting, Albuquerque, NM.
- Carter G. 2006. Antiphonal calling behaviour in white-winged vampires (Diaemus youngi). 36th North American Symposium on Bat Research, Wilmington, NC.
- Carter G, C Coen. 2006. Investigating host preferences in the white- winged vampire (Diaemus youngi). Annual Bat Association of Taiwan Meeting. Taiwan Endemic Species Research Institute, Taiwan.
- Carter G, I Lovette, J Hermanson. 2004. Noninvasive identification of the avian host species of white-winged vampire bats (Diaemus youngi) from fecal samples. 34th North American Symposium on Bat Research, Salt Lake City, Utah. (Winner of 2004 Bat Research News Award)
- Contract Naturalist, Audubon Naturalist Society, Woodend Nature Sanctuary, 2011
- Research Assistant, McMaster University with Jeff Galef and John Ratcliffe, 2009
- Activity Leader at Tunbridge Afterschool Program, Tunbridge, VT. I developed and led an 8-week course called “Curious Naturalists” for K-6 students, 2007
- Bat Specialist, Cusuco National Park, Honduras, Operation Wallacea, Summer 2005
- Program Director, Ecology & Environmental Science, Camp Wakpominee, 2000-2002
Teaching assistantships: Mean student evaluation score = 3.8 out of 4 (University of Maryland Biology Department average = 3.2/4, college average = 3.1)
- 2015 Principles of Animal Behavior, University of Maryland (UMD)
- 2010 Principles of Genetics, UMD
- 2009 Human Anatomy and Physiology, UMD
- 2007 Introductory Biology, University of Western Ontario (UWO)
- 2006 Animal Behaviour, UWO (2007 Graduate Student Teaching Award)
- 2006 Introductory Biology, laboratory, UWO
- 2004 Field Biology, Cornell University
Invited guest lectures
- 2015 2 lectures, Animal Behavior, UMD College Park
- 2013 1 lecture, Animal Behavior, UMD Baltimore County
Courses organized or co-organized
- 2012 Graduate seminar on social network analysis, UMD
- 2010 Graduate seminar on evolution of cooperation, UMD
- 2016 “Bat Nights“, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Gamboa, Panama (once per month), “Bambi Talk” on Barro Colorado Island, and many show-and-tell presentations for small groups.
- 2015 Caves and the origins of echolocation. National Speleological Society, DC Grotto, 5/21/15; Howard Hughes Medical Institute JumpStart Program
- 2014 Museum of Texas Tech University. 10/30/14. Lubbock, Texas; Great Lakes Bat Festival. 9/28/14. Ann Arbor, Michigan (2,750 attendees); Public display volunteer with Organization for Bat Conservation at GM Wintergarden; Howard Hughes Medical Institute JumpStart Program; ATLAS Symposium for recruiting under-represented minorities in STEM
- 2013 Great Lakes Bat Festival. 9/28/13. Southfield, Michigan (2,250 attendees); Cave bats and bat caves. National Speleological Society, DC Grotto, 9/12/13; Great Lakes Bat Festival. Two talks and all-day video presentation. 9/29/12. Southfield, Michigan.
- 2012 Southfield Public Library. 9/28/12; raised $4,697 through the scientific crowdfunding site petridish.org; Annandale, VA bat event 8/15/12; Arlington, VA Bat Festival 8/19/12; Howard Hughes Medical Institute JumpStart Program (also 2014, 2015), AIBS Cross-generational Conversation Event in DC
- pre-2012 Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. 12/22/10; 50+ voluntary public talks on bats at summer camps and other organizations
- Research mentoring: 14 undergraduates, 2 masters student, 3 high school student
- Tutoring for GED at Our House Job Training Center for at-risk youth, 2010-2011
- Mentoring for 4-H Urban Youth Program, 2003-2004
Peer Review for Journals
Listed by journal (number of reviews): PLOS ONE (13), Proceedings B (3), Biology Letters (1), American Naturalist (1), Royal Society Open Science (2), Animal Behaviour (1), Behavioural Ecology (1), Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology (6), Ethology (3), Journal of Mammalogy (5), Acta Chiropterologica (2), Biotropica (1), Behavior (3), Behavioral Processes (1), Zoo Biology (2), WIREs Cognitive Science (1), Philosophical Transactions B (1), Bat Research News (1), Frontiers in Comparative Psychology (1), Scientific Reports (1)
North American Society of Bat Research (2004-), American Society of Mammalogists (2006-), Animal Behavior Society (2009-)
- served on the UMD Department of Biology Graduate Student Selection Committee
- served as Student Representative for Behavior, Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics Student Taskforce, acting as a liaison between the student body and the department at the University of Maryland in 2012. I also led design of the website.
- volunteered at the ATLAS Symposium for recruiting under-represented minorities in science, tech, engineering, and math.
- designed logo for North American Society of Bat Research (declined monetary prize).
- “Alyssa Stewart Service Award For Helping Other Graduate Students Which Is The Most Prestigious Service Award Offered Even Though You Can’t Write It On Your CV.”